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Settlement 100yds (90m) south east of Sceugh Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Penrith, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.6619 / 54°39'42"N

Longitude: -2.7079 / 2°42'28"W

OS Eastings: 354435.16786

OS Northings: 529876.636315

OS Grid: NY544298

Mapcode National: GBR 9GJJ.KM

Mapcode Global: WH81C.C2SY

Entry Name: Settlement 100yds (90m) SE of Sceugh Farm

Scheduled Date: 31 October 1972

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007140

English Heritage Legacy ID: CU 388

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Penrith

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Edenhall St Cuthbert

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Summary

Settlement enclosure, 125m south east of Sceugh.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 29 March 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes the remains of a settlement enclosure of Roman date, situated partly on level ground and partly on a south east facing slope just north of the River Eamont. The enclosure, which is preserved as a cropmark and in places as a slight earthwork, is rectangular and is surrounded by a double ditch. In its north east quadrant the ditch is associated with an earth and stone bank and there are a number of circular depressions within the interior.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non- defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also common. In much of Northumberland, especially in the Cheviots, the enclosures were curvilinear in form. Further south a rectangular form was more common. Elsewhere, especially near the Scottish border, another type occurs where the settlement enclosure was `scooped' into the hillslope. Frequently the enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known. These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common, although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography. All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be identified as nationally important.

The settlement enclosure 125m south east of Sceugh is preserved as a cropmark and in places as an earthwork. The enclosure provides insight into native settlement practices during the Romano-British period. The monument will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment and environmental deposits relating to the use of the surrounding landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 12028

Source: Historic England

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