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King Arthur's Round Table henge

A Scheduled Monument in Yanwath and Eamont Bridge, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.6482 / 54°38'53"N

Longitude: -2.7402 / 2°44'24"W

OS Eastings: 352330.293817

OS Northings: 528369.401151

OS Grid: NY523283

Mapcode National: GBR 9G9P.JJ

Mapcode Global: WH81B.WF9H

Entry Name: King Arthur's Round Table henge

Scheduled Date: 18 August 1882

Last Amended: 30 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007903

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23648

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Yanwath and Eamont Bridge

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Clifton St Cuthbert

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument is a henge known as King Arthur's Round Table, thought to have
been constructed between 2000 - 1000 BC. It is located on a comparatively flat
alluvial river terrace a short distance from the confluence of the Rivers
Eamont and Lowther, and includes a partly mutilated earthen bank and internal
ditch enclosing a flat circular area.
The west arc of the bank is the more complete and measures 10m-13m in width by
0.5m-1.7m high. The short surviving length of bank in the east arc measures a
maximum of 10.5m wide by 1.85m high. Elsewhere the bank has been levelled by
road construction. There is an entrance 7.8m wide through the bank on the
monument's southern side. This entrance becomes a causeway 3.7m wide across
the ditch and gives access into the henge's interior. Between the bank and
ditch is a berm up to 7m wide. The ditch has a regular broad U-shaped profile
and measures 12.5m-16.2m wide with a depth of 1.4m-1.6m. The interior of the
monument surrounded by the ditch is elliptical in shape, measuring 51.2m
north east-south west by 44.1m transversely. Roughly in the centre is a low
sub-oval platform up to 0.35m high and measuring 24m by 22.6m. Limited
excavation of the monument during the 1930s located a trench containing
cremated bone close to the centre of the henge. The monument is in the
guardianship of the Secretary of State.
All walls, gateposts, and the war memorial and its setting are excluded from
the scheduling but the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Henges are ritual or ceremonial centres which date to the Late Neolithic
period (2800-2000 BC). They were constructed as roughly circular or oval-
shaped enclosures comprising a flat area over 20m in diameter enclosed by a
ditch and external bank. One, two or four entrances provided access to the
interior of the monument, which may have contained a variety of features
including timber or stone circles, post or stone alignments, pits, burials or
central mounds. Finds from the ditches and interiors of henges provide
important evidence for the chronological development of the sites, the types
of activity that occurred within them and the nature of the environment in
which they were constructed. Henges occur throughout England with the
exception of south-eastern counties and the Welsh Marches. They are generally
situated on low ground, often close to springs and water-courses. Henges are
rare nationally with about 80 known examples. As one of the few types of
identified Neolithic structures and in view of their comparative rarity, all
henges are considered to be of national importance.

Despite some mutilation of the monument's bank and ditch by road construction,
King Arthur's Round Table survives well and remains a visually impressive
monument in the landscape. It is one of three henges clustered near to the
confluence of the Rivers Eamont and Lowther and is a good example of this
class of monument. Limited excavation during the 1930s located human remains,
and the monument will contain further evidence of the activities undertaken
within the internal area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Aubrey, J, Monumenta Britannica, (1981)
Pennant, T, A Tour in Scotland; 1769, (1790), 277-8
Bersu, G, 'Trans Cumb and West Antiq and Arch Soc.' in King Arthur's Round Table. Final Report Incl 1939 Excavation, , Vol. XL, (1940), 169-206
Collingwood, R G, 'Trans Cumb & West Antiq & Arch Soc' in King Arthur's Round Table. Interim report on the excavation 1937, , Vol. XXXVIII, (1938), 1-31
Topping, P, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in The Penrith Henges: A Survey By the RCHME, , Vol. 58, (1992), 249-64
Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Henges, (1989)

Source: Historic England

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