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Hanging Walls of Mark Anthony

A Scheduled Monument in Culgaith, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.6836 / 54°41'1"N

Longitude: -2.5412 / 2°32'28"W

OS Eastings: 365203.810285

OS Northings: 532198.967379

OS Grid: NY652321

Mapcode National: GBR BGP8.MT

Mapcode Global: WH92C.YJ2T

Entry Name: Hanging Walls of Mark Anthony

Scheduled Date: 19 January 1968

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007135

English Heritage Legacy ID: CU 380

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Culgaith

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Kirkland St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Summary

The Hanging Walls of Mark Anthony, Medieval Lynchets and Building Platform.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 29 March 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes the remains of a series of medieval lynchets and a building platform, situated on a hillock next to Ran Beck. The lynchets, or cultivation terraces, lie on the breast of the hillock overlooking the beck and are laid out with two terraces, fanning out into four terraces and then returning to two terraces again. Ramps between terraces are preserved as earthworks, there is also an unenclosed spring known as Mark Anthony’s Well at the west end of the site and on the top of the hillock are the foundations of a circular building and a revetted bank.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Strip lynchets provide distinctive indications of medieval cultivation, representing a means to increase the land available for cultivation by the construction of terraces on steep slopes. The fields thus formed were used as a part of the strip tenurial system of medieval land division. They occur widely in southern and south eastern England, and are prominent features on the Wessex chalkland. Each lynchet or terrace has two components, consisting of a scarp or riser and flat strip or tread. They can be up to 600m in length, and whilst many systems include only two or three lynchets, some have five, six or more.

The Hanging Walls of Mark Anthony lynchets and building platform are reasonably well-preserved and provide insight into medieval farming practice. Due to their prominent position they are a significant landmark in the local landscape and will contain archaeological deposits relating to their construction, use and abandonment.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 13668

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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