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Part of the linear boundary known as the Wansdyke 530m north west of Park Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Newton St. Loe, Bath and North East Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.37 / 51°22'11"N

Longitude: -2.4444 / 2°26'39"W

OS Eastings: 369162.102005

OS Northings: 163527.667173

OS Grid: ST691635

Mapcode National: GBR JX.SZTG

Mapcode Global: VH893.LT3N

Entry Name: Part of the linear boundary known as the Wansdyke 530m north west of Park Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 June 1962

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007008

English Heritage Legacy ID: BA 98

County: Bath and North East Somerset

Civil Parish: Newton St. Loe

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument, which falls into two separate areas of protection, includes part of the linear boundary (prehistoric) known as the Wansdyke, situated within the valley of and overlooking the Corston Brook. The linear boundary survives differentially along its length and the bank stands up to 1m high and in places one of the ditches is up to 4m deep. Geophysical surveys of much of the Wansdyke have shown ditches survive on both sides of the bank; where they are not visible they are preserved as entirely buried features. The linear boundary is known to be prehistoric in origin and was modified during the early medieval period when it was used as a military frontier and boundary work between Wessex and Mercia which was in place by the 9th century. Its name is derived from 'Woden's Dyke', Woden being the Anglo-Saxon god who also gave his name to Wednesday.

Other sections of the Wansdyke are the subject of separate schedulings. The eastern section forms the southern boundary of the Grade II* Registered Park of Newton Park (1555).

Sources: PastScape 1066087

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying from less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been reused later. The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. Despite some reduction in the height of the earthworks through cultivation, the part of the linear boundary known as the Wansdyke 530m north west of Park Farm survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, adaptive re-use, military and territorial significance and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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