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Part of the linear boundary known as the Wansdyke 420m south west of Barrowmead Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Englishcombe, Bath and North East Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.3584 / 51°21'30"N

Longitude: -2.3938 / 2°23'37"W

OS Eastings: 372678.699834

OS Northings: 162217.678796

OS Grid: ST726622

Mapcode National: GBR 0QN.TW3

Mapcode Global: VH96S.G4C0

Entry Name: Part of the linear boundary known as the Wansdyke 420m south west of Barrowmead Cottage

Scheduled Date: 19 June 1962

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007005

English Heritage Legacy ID: BA 95

County: Bath and North East Somerset

Civil Parish: Englishcombe

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a section of the linear boundary (prehistoric) known as the Wansdyke, situated on a prominent ridge overlooking the valley of the Newton Brook. This section of the dyke survives as visible earthworks with the bank standing up to 2m high and at least one ditch up to 1m deep. Geophysical surveys of much of the Wansdyke have shown ditches survive on both sides of the bank; where they are not visible they are preserved as entirely buried features. The linear boundary is known to be prehistoric in origin and was modified during the early medieval period when it was used as a military frontier and boundary work between Wessex and Mercia which was in place by the 9th century. Its name is derived from 'Woden's Dyke', Woden being the Anglo-Saxon god who also gave his name to Wednesday. Other sections of the Wansdyke are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: PastScape 1066087

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying from less than 1km to over 10km. They survive as earthworks or as linear features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that their construction spans the millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been reused later. The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use in the Bronze Age. The part of the linear boundary known as the Wansdyke 420m south west of Barrowmead Cottage survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, adaptive re-use, military and territorial significance and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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