Ancient Monuments

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Medieval enclosure 480m north west of Springwater Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Bitton, South Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.4253 / 51°25'30"N

Longitude: -2.4577 / 2°27'27"W

OS Eastings: 368275.319639

OS Northings: 169683.516139

OS Grid: ST682696

Mapcode National: GBR JX.PGHP

Mapcode Global: VH88X.CF2R

Entry Name: Medieval enclosure 480m north west of Springwater Farm

Scheduled Date: 16 January 1951

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006998

English Heritage Legacy ID: SG 86

County: South Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Bitton

Built-Up Area: Bitton

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Warmley Syston and Bitton

Church of England Diocese: Bristol


The monument includes a medieval enclosure, situated on a slight rise in the valley bottom of the River Boyd, just north of its confluence with the River Avon. The enclosure survives as a rectangular area defined by banks measuring up to 1m high to the north, west and east with a largely buried outer ditch and slight counterscarp bank. To the south it the enclosure survives as largely buried features. The interior measures approximately 70m long by 30m wide. The slightly rounded corners of the enclosure, visible to the north west and north east, suggested this was perhaps a Roman camp, but partial excavations in 1952 produced only finds of 13th century date. An archaeological watching brief in 1998 provided no further traces of occupation, and a geophysical survey of 2002 suggested that the enclosure was part of a larger earthwork, possibly a pair of medieval tenements which fronted onto Bitton High Street.

Sources: PastScape 200847
South Gloucestershire 1245, 16358 and 12655

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Despite partial excavation, the medieval enclosure 480m north west of Springwater Farm will retain further archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, function, longevity, agricultural activity, relationship to the likely associated medieval dwellings and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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