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Wayside cross called Crowlas Cross, 230m north east of Lower Tregender

A Scheduled Monument in Ludgvan, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.1519 / 50°9'6"N

Longitude: -5.4712 / 5°28'16"W

OS Eastings: 152126.542801

OS Northings: 33747.278001

OS Grid: SW521337

Mapcode National: GBR DXW8.SRJ

Mapcode Global: VH12T.3FYY

Entry Name: Wayside cross called Crowlas Cross, 230m north east of Lower Tregender

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1932

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006667

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 139

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Ludgvan

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Ludgvan

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a wayside cross, situated at the roadside between the settlements of Crowlas and Cockwells. The cross survives as a decorated wheel-headed cross on a short length of shaft set into a modern base and built into a hedge. The head is decorated on both faces with an incised long-shafted cross on one face and one in relief on the other. It was first recorded by Langdon in 1896. Henderson recorded in 1922 that the cross had been recently re-erected on a good base close to its original location which was in a field opposite called 'Park Grouse'.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-425034

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes which might have a more specifically religious function, including providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions. Wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration but several regional types have been identified. The Cornish wayside crosses form one such group. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross were carved. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ. Less common forms include the `Latin' cross, where the cross-head itself is shaped within the arms of an unenclosed cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low-relief cross on both faces. Over 400 crosses of all types are recorded in Cornwall. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval routeways, settlement patterns and the development of sculptural traditions and their survival is somewhat differential because of periods of religious turbulence during the Reformation when many were subject to damage or partial destruction by iconoclasts. Despite having been broken and moved, the wayside cross 230m north east of Lower Tregender survives comparatively well and stands close to its original location beside a road.

Source: Historic England

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