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Cross at Triffle Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Deviock, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.367 / 50°22'1"N

Longitude: -4.3491 / 4°20'56"W

OS Eastings: 233030.336822

OS Northings: 54537.203823

OS Grid: SX330545

Mapcode National: GBR NL.VBP6

Mapcode Global: FRA 18S2.7H8

Entry Name: Cross at Triffle Farm

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1938

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006631

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 249

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Deviock

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Germans Group Parish

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Summary

Wayside cross at Triffle.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 2 December 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument includes a wayside cross situated close to a road junction at Triffle on a prominent coastal ridge overlooking the sea near Battern Cliffs. The cross survives as part of the head of a Latin cross and a separate piece of the shaft built into a stone wall. The cross was discovered during road widening in 1924 and its original location was probably at the junction.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes which might have a more specifically religious function, including providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions. Wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration but several regional types have been identified. The Cornish wayside crosses form one such group. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross were carved. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ. Less common forms include the `Latin' cross, where the cross-head itself is shaped within the arms of an unenclosed cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low-relief cross on both faces. Over 400 crosses of all types are recorded in Cornwall. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval routeways, settlement patterns and the development of sculptural traditions and their survival is somewhat differential because of periods of religious turbulence during the Reformation when many were subject to damage or partial destruction by iconoclasts. Despite having been moved and repositioned within a wall, the wayside cross at Triffle still bears witness to its turbulent history and is of the Latin shaped style less common in Cornwall.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-436670

Source: Historic England

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