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Earthwork 370yds (340m) east of Low Stead

A Scheduled Monument in Lowick, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.6496 / 55°38'58"N

Longitude: -1.9489 / 1°56'56"W

OS Eastings: 403313.847252

OS Northings: 639559.390466

OS Grid: NU033395

Mapcode National: GBR G3T3.WM

Mapcode Global: WH9Z5.1879

Entry Name: Earthwork 370yds (340m) E of Low Stead

Scheduled Date: 15 June 1946

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006529

English Heritage Legacy ID: ND 214

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Lowick

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Lowick and Kyloe St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Summary

Ringwork, 351m south east of Lowick Low Steads.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17 May 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a ringwork of medieval date, situated on the tip of a natural promontory just east of a river called The Low. The promontory is formed by the junction of two small valleys with its defensive position being strengthened by the presence of a bog to the north and south and a steep bank falling to the river to the west. The earthwork forms a circular enclosure surrounded by a deep ditch and partial internal bank with a slight outer ditch on the west side. The defences are at their strongest on the south east side where the terrain forms no natural defence. The average width of the ditch is 13m and the maximum drop from the top of the inner bank to the ditch bottom is 5m. The only entrance to the enclosure is on the north west side where there is a slight lowering of the lip and a causeway to provide access across the steep scarped slope. There is a slight rampart on the edge of the scarped slope on each side of the entrance. The earthwork is known to have truncated an earlier earthwork which was previously visible to the south running in to the area now occupied by the ringwork.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Ringworks are medieval fortifications built and occupied from the late Anglo-Saxon period to the later 12th century. They comprised a small defended area containing buildings which was surrounded or partly surrounded by a substantial ditch and a bank surmounted by a timber palisade or, rarely, a stone wall. Occasionally a more lightly defended embanked enclosure, the bailey, adjoined the ringwork. Ringworks acted as strongholds for military operations and in some cases as defended aristocratic or manorial settlements. They are rare nationally with only 200 recorded examples and less than 60 with baileys. As such, and as one of a limited number and very restricted range of Anglo-Saxon and Norman fortifications, ringworks are of particular significance to our understanding of the period.

The ringwork south east of Lowick Low Steads is well-preserved and is a good example of a rare monument type. The deep ditches and interior will contain archaeological deposits relating to the construction, use and abandonment of the monument. The monument provides insight into the development of early medieval fortifications.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 6095

Source: Historic England

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