Ancient Monuments

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Bowmont Hill camp

A Scheduled Monument in Kilham, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.5713 / 55°34'16"N

Longitude: -2.264 / 2°15'50"W

OS Eastings: 383448.436498

OS Northings: 630882.614125

OS Grid: NT834308

Mapcode National: GBR D4M0.NN

Mapcode Global: WH9ZD.6748

Entry Name: Bowmont Hill camp

Scheduled Date: 9 April 1951

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006526

English Heritage Legacy ID: ND 256

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Kilham

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Kirknewton St Gregory

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Summary

Defended settlement, 774m north of Venchen Old Toll.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 23 May 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a defended settlement of Iron Age date, situated on the summit of Bowmont Hill along a steep ridge with sharp slopes to the east and west. The elongated enclosure is not fully enclosed; a single bank and ditch protects approaches from the more gradual slopes to the north east and south west and do not continue along the sides of the ridge. The interior of the monument is separated into two enclosures by a triple rampart.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

During the earlier Iron Age (seventh to fifth centuries BC) a variety of different types of defensive settlements began to be constructed and occupied in the northern uplands of England. The most obvious sites were hillforts built in prominent locations. In addition to these a range of smaller sites, sometimes with an enclosed area of less than 1ha and defined as defended settlements, were also constructed. Some of these were located on hilltops, others are found in less prominent positions. The enclosing defences were of earthen construction, some sites having a single bank and ditch (univallate), others having more than one (multivallate). At some sites these earthen ramparts represent a second phase of defence, the first having been a timber fence or palisade. Within the enclosure a number of stone or timber-built round houses were occupied by the inhabitants. Stock may also have been kept in these houses, especially during the cold winter months, or in enclosed yards outside them. The communities occupying these sites were probably single family groups, the defended settlements being used as farmsteads. Construction and use of this type of site extended over several centuries, possibly through to the early Romano-British period (mid to late first century AD). Defended settlements are a rare monument type. They were an important element of the later prehistoric settlement pattern of the northern uplands and are important for any study of the developing use of fortified settlements during this period. All well-preserved examples are believed to be of national importance.

The defended settlement north of Venchen Old Toll is reasonably well-preserved and is a good example of its type with its prominent landscape setting. The monument will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment and environmental deposits relating to the use of the surrounding landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 1295

Source: Historic England

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