Ancient Monuments

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Devil's Ditch, section extending 200yds (180m) east from Chapel Lane

A Scheduled Monument in Funtington, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8654 / 50°51'55"N

Longitude: -0.8126 / 0°48'45"W

OS Eastings: 483659.434083

OS Northings: 107989.988065

OS Grid: SU836079

Mapcode National: GBR DGB.RCF

Mapcode Global: FRA 965T.C83

Entry Name: Devil's Ditch, section extending 200yds (180m) E from Chapel Lane

Scheduled Date: 24 January 1935

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005880

English Heritage Legacy ID: WS 84

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Funtington

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Funtington and West Stoke with Sennicotts

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Summary

A 180m length of Devil’s Ditch running ESE from Chapel Lane to West Stoke Road.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 27 October 2014. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a 180m length of Devil’s Ditch, also known as the Devil’s Dyke, a prehistoric linear boundary surviving as an earthwork and below-ground archaeological remains. It is situated on flat ground north of Oldwick Copse. This section of the Ditch runs in a straight course ESE from Chapel Lane to West Stoke Road.

The earthwork is denoted by a bank, up to 1.5m high and 12m wide, with a ditch on the north side. The ditch is partly in-filled in places but survives as a buried feature. In 1997, a geophysical survey and archaeological watching brief were carried out between Lye Lane and West Stoke Road during the laying of a pipeline. This identified the ditch as extending up to about 7.3m wide and about 2m deep. No finds were recovered.

The Devil’s Ditch in Sussex has been documented by antiquarians since at least the 18th century. It is part of a group of linear earthworks on the gravel plain between the foot of the South Downs and Chichester Harbour. The entrenchments run from Lavant to Boxgrove and appear to enclose the area of the coastal plain to the south. It has been suggested that these marked out a high status, proto-urban tribal settlement (or ‘oppidum’) preceding the Roman invasion. The Devil’s Ditch is thought to date to the Late Iron Age (about 100 BC – AD 43) but was recut and extended in places during the medieval period. The name of the entrenchment is derived from a local tradition, which holds that the ditch was the work of the devil in an attempt to channel the sea and flood the churches of Sussex.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Linear boundaries are substantial earthwork features comprising single or multiple ditches and banks which may extend over distances varying from between less than 1km to over 10km.

They survive as earthworks or as linear features visible as cropmarks on aerial photographs or as a combination of both. The evidence of excavation and study of associated monuments demonstrate that their construction often spans at least a millennium from the Middle Bronze Age, although they may have been re-used later. The scale of many linear boundaries has been taken to indicate that they were constructed by large social groups and were used to mark important boundaries in the landscape; their impressive scale displaying the corporate prestige of their builders. They would have been powerful symbols, often with religious associations, used to define and order the territorial holdings of those groups who constructed them. Linear earthworks are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use from the Bronze Age; all well preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

The 180m length of Devil’s Ditch running ESE from Chapel Lane to West Stoke Road survives well. It will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the earthwork and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Hamilton, S, Gregory, K, 'Updating the Sussex Iron Age' in Sussex Archaeological Collections, , Vol. 138, (2000), 63 & 66
Other
West Sussex HER 1940 - MWS3239. NMR LINEAR 34. PastScape 1065548

Source: Historic England

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