Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Wilbury House round barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Cholderton, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1749 / 51°10'29"N

Longitude: -1.6913 / 1°41'28"W

OS Eastings: 421675.169752

OS Northings: 141785.532129

OS Grid: SU216417

Mapcode National: GBR 506.C5X

Mapcode Global: VHC2V.MQQP

Entry Name: Wilbury House round barrow

Scheduled Date: 18 April 1955

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005629

English Heritage Legacy ID: WI 362

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Cholderton

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Cholderton

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Summary

Bowl barrow 635m north-west of Wilbury House.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 22 July 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records. As such they do not yet have the full descriptions of their modernised counterparts available. Please contact us if you would like further information.

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a south east facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Bourne. The barrow survives as a circular mound measuring up to 21m in diameter and 2.5m high surrounded by the buried quarry ditch from which the construction material was derived. The barrow lies within the Grade II Registered Park of Wilbury House (2253) and is crossed by the parish boundary between Cholderton and Newton Tony.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite tree growth the bowl barrow 635m north west of Wilbury House survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape 224117
Wiltshire HER SU24SW611

Source: Historic England

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