Ancient Monuments

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Round called Froxton Wood Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Whitstone, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.7706 / 50°46'14"N

Longitude: -4.4771 / 4°28'37"W

OS Eastings: 225430.295644

OS Northings: 99703.845712

OS Grid: SX254997

Mapcode National: GBR NF.0V3W

Mapcode Global: FRA 17H1.RMB

Entry Name: Round called Froxton Wood Castle

Scheduled Date: 7 November 1977

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005448

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 963

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Whitstone

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Whitstone

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a round, situated on a south west-facing slope of a ridge, overlooking the valley of a tributary to the River Neet. The round survives as a roughly oval enclosure with sharper angles in the rampart to the north, east and south. The rampart bank is partially fossilised into the existing field boundaries, and elsewhere is preserved as a scarp which survives differentially. The outer ditch is up to 1.4m deep and beyond is a counterscarp bank of up to 0.8m high. In the interior is a rectangular platform measuring 10m by 8m terraced into the hillside.

Further archaeological remains in the vicinity are the subject of a separate scheduling.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-436442

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Despite reduction in the height of the rampart through cultivation, the round called Froxton Wood Castle survives comparatively well and is closely associated with a nearby hillfort, it will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements, relationship with other nearby archaeological sites and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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