Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow cemetery 610m north east of Creddacott Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Week St. Mary, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.7359 / 50°44'9"N

Longitude: -4.5052 / 4°30'18"W

OS Eastings: 223314.745

OS Northings: 95913.7215

OS Grid: SX233959

Mapcode National: GBR ND.2SPR

Mapcode Global: FRA 17G4.DMZ

Entry Name: Round barrow cemetery 610m north east of Creddacott Farm

Scheduled Date: 1 December 1960

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1003090

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 582

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Week St. Mary

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Mary Week

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument, which falls into seven areas of protection, includes a round barrow cemetery, situated on the summit of a broad plateau which forms the watershed for numerous tributaries of the Caudworthy Water. The cemetery includes seven bowl barrows which survive as circular mounds. They are each surrounded by a buried quarry ditch, from which their construction material was derived. The mounds vary in diameter from 16m up to 33m and in height from 0.4m up to 1.2m.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-436533

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite reduction in the heights of the mounds through past cultivation, the round barrow cemetery 610m north east of Creddacott Farm survives well with a variety of different sized barrows in a prominent location. The barrows will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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