Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow in Bowness Gardens 315m north west of the swimming lake

A Scheduled Monument in Southmead, Bristol

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Latitude: 51.4985 / 51°29'54"N

Longitude: -2.6073 / 2°36'26"W

OS Eastings: 357942.019473

OS Northings: 177904.8985

OS Grid: ST579779

Mapcode National: GBR C51.BN

Mapcode Global: VH88F.RLHL

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in Bowness Gardens 315m north west of the swimming lake

Scheduled Date: 11 December 1951

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005425

English Heritage Legacy ID: BS 27

County: Bristol

Electoral Ward/Division: Southmead

Built-Up Area: Bristol

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Bristol

Church of England Parish: Southmead

Church of England Diocese: Bristol


The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on the summit of a broad ridge overlooking the valley of the River Trym. The barrow survives as a circular stone and earth mound measuring up to 9m in diameter and 1.5m high. It is surrounded by a buried quarry ditch, from which the material for its construction was derived. The barrow was excavated in 1873 when part of a crouched inhumation, flints and charcoal was discovered and again in 1922-3 when the outer limestone rubble-built kerb was revealed. The barrow was later re-used as a windmill mound.

Sources: PastScape 198179

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Although much is already known about the bowl barrow in Bowness Gardens 315m north west of the swimming lake, it will retain further archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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