Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Multi-span bridge called Trewornan Bridge

A Scheduled Monument in St. Minver Highlands, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5336 / 50°32'0"N

Longitude: -4.8411 / 4°50'28"W

OS Eastings: 198751.576364

OS Northings: 74277.146265

OS Grid: SW987742

Mapcode National: GBR ZT.8HN6

Mapcode Global: FRA 07RN.7SR

Entry Name: Multi-span bridge called Trewornan Bridge

Scheduled Date: 21 February 1953

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004484

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 375

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Minver Highlands

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Breoke

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a multi-span road bridge which spans the River Amble and its flood plain to the south east of Trewornan Manor. The bridge survives as a four-pointed arched bridge with five cutwaters and refuges on the parapets on each side. It was built in 1791 by Rev William Sandys in a medieval style.

The bridge is Listed Grade II (67667).

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-430984

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Multi-span bridges are structures of two or more arches supported on piers. They were constructed throughout the medieval period for the use of pedestrians and packhorse or vehicular traffic, crossing rivers or streams, often replacing or supplementing earlier fords. During the early medieval period timber was used, but from the 12th century stone (and later brick) bridges became more common, with the piers sometimes supported by a timber raft. Most stone or brick bridges were constructed with pointed arches, although semicircular and segmental examples are also known. A common medieval feature is the presence of stone ashlar ribs underneath the arch. The bridge abutments and revetting of the river banks also form part of the bridge. Where medieval bridges have been altered in later centuries, original features are sometimes concealed behind later stonework, including remains of earlier timber bridges. The roadway was often originally cobbled or gravelled. The building and maintenance of bridges was frequently carried out by the church and by guilds, although landowners were also required to maintain bridges. From the mid-13th century the right to collect tolls, known as pontage, was granted to many bridges, usually for repairs; for this purpose many urban bridges had houses or chapels on them, and some were fortified with a defensive gateway. Despite some repairs, the pretty multi-span bridge called Trewornan Bridge with its medieval design survives well and was regarded by Henderson as the only post-Reformation bridge in Cornwall worth visiting.

Source: Historic England

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