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Tawna Downs round barrows

A Scheduled Monument in Cardinham, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4724 / 50°28'20"N

Longitude: -4.6357 / 4°38'8"W

OS Eastings: 213065.803147

OS Northings: 66944.105249

OS Grid: SX130669

Mapcode National: GBR N6.MP29

Mapcode Global: FRA 175T.3TS

Entry Name: Tawna Downs round barrows

Scheduled Date:

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004441

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 451

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Cardinham

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Cardynham

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Summary

Two bowl barrows 580m ENE of Pinsla Park.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 3 December 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

This monument, which falls into two areas, includes two bowl barrows situated on the summit of a prominent hill known as Tawna Downs which forms the watershed between the valleys of three tributaries to the River Fowey. Both barrows survive as circular mounds with buried surrounding quarry ditches, from which construction material for the mounds was derived. The western mound measures 16m in diameter and 0.8m high and the eastern mound is 17m in diameter and 1m high.

A large and extensive round barrow cemetery lies to the south and east on the opposite side of the River Fowey. The barrows which form this cemetery are the subject of separate schedulings.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite reduction in the heights of the mounds through cultivation, the two bowl barrows 580m ENE of Pinsla Park survive well and although probably not part of the extensive cemetery to the south and east were clearly of major territorial significance to their builders. They will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, longevity, relative chronologies, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-432598

Source: Historic England

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