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Two bowl barrows 535m ENE of Fairy Cross forming part of a round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in St. Winnow, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4306 / 50°25'50"N

Longitude: -4.6324 / 4°37'56"W

OS Eastings: 213138.260057

OS Northings: 62284.263841

OS Grid: SX131622

Mapcode National: GBR N6.Q9XS

Mapcode Global: FRA 175X.C4C

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 535m ENE of Fairy Cross forming part of a round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 30 January 1957

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004439

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 448

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Winnow

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Winnow with St Nectan's Chapel

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes two bowl barrows, situated on the summit of a high branching ridge forming the watershed between two tributaries of the River Lerryn. Both barrows survive as circular mounds with their surrounding quarry ditches, from which the mound construction material was derived, being preserved as buried features. The western mound measures 29m in diameter and 4.6m high and has a slight central hollow. The eastern mound measures 44m in diameter and 0.8m high.
Further surviving barrows in the extensive round barrow cemetery are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-1031156 and 1031157

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite reduction in the heights of the mounds through cultivation, the two bowl barrows 535m ENE of Fairy Cross, forming part of a round barrow cemetery, survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, longevity, relative chronologies, social organisation, territorial significance, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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