Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 430m south west of Fairy Cross Farm forming part of a round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in St. Winnow, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.4266 / 50°25'35"N

Longitude: -4.6453 / 4°38'42"W

OS Eastings: 212207.592526

OS Northings: 61865.445542

OS Grid: SX122618

Mapcode National: GBR N6.QDM8

Mapcode Global: FRA 175X.L3Y

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 430m south west of Fairy Cross Farm forming part of a round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 30 May 1958

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1003081

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 450

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Winnow

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Winnow with St Nectan's Chapel

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on the summit of a prominent ridge, forming the watershed between tributaries to the Rivers Fowey and Lerryn. The barrow survives as a circular mound measuring 27m in diameter and up to 2m high with a 3m wide sloping berm around the perimeter of the mound. The surrounding quarry ditch, from which material to construct the mound was derived, is preserved as a largely buried feature. There is a slight central hollow in the mound.

The barrow forms part of an extensive round barrow cemetery, and other barrows within it are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-1031162

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite slight disturbance to the centre of the mound, the bowl barrow 430m south west of Fairy Cross Farm forming part of a round barrow cemetery, survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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