Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 780m east of Penventon

A Scheduled Monument in Broadoak, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.4309 / 50°25'51"N

Longitude: -4.5722 / 4°34'19"W

OS Eastings: 217414.068922

OS Northings: 62170.253812

OS Grid: SX174621

Mapcode National: GBR N9.Q7D6

Mapcode Global: FRA 179X.BLG

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 780m east of Penventon

Scheduled Date: 30 January 1957

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004434

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 442

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Broadoak

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Pinnock

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated at the summit of a ridge forming the watershed between the valleys of a tributary to the River Fowey and a tributary to the West Looe River. The barrow survives as a circular mound measuring up to 25m in diameter and 3.2m high. The surrounding quarry ditch, from which material to construct the mound was derived, is preserved as a buried feature. There is a central hollow caused by early partial excavation or robbing. The barrow is on the parish boundary between St Pinnock and Braddock. It is known locally as 'Red Barrow'.
This barrow is an outlier to a larger round barrow cemetery situated on a branching ridge. The other barrows within the cemetery are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-432666

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation, the bowl barrow 780m east of Penventon survives well and its later re-use as a known landmark for a parish boundary indicates its continuing significance through time as a territorial marker. It will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, ritual and funerary practices, social organisation and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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