Ancient Monuments

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Slight univallate hillfort in Dunmere Wood 235m WNW of Crabb's Pool

A Scheduled Monument in Bodmin, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.4852 / 50°29'6"N

Longitude: -4.7491 / 4°44'56"W

OS Eastings: 205072.656317

OS Northings: 68649.84713

OS Grid: SX050686

Mapcode National: GBR N1.LXL6

Mapcode Global: FRA 07YS.1NB

Entry Name: Slight univallate hillfort in Dunmere Wood 235m WNW of Crabb's Pool

Scheduled Date: 16 July 1956

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004424

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 429

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Bodmin

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Bodmin

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a slight univallate hillfort, situated on the upper south eastern slopes of a prominent hill, and at the top of the steep western valley side of the River Camel. The hillfort survives as an oval enclosure measuring approximately 180m long by 135m wide defined by a single rampart bank of steep profile and up to 3m high and a rock cut outer ditch of up to 2m deep with near vertical sides in several places. There is a slightly inturned causewayed entrance to the north west. Within the interior, two slight hollows to the SSE may be terraces for houses or charcoal burning platforms. Known locally as 'Dunmere Camp', it was marked on the Ordnance Survey map of 1813 and first recorded by Maclauchlan in 1849. It belonged to the Priory of Bodmin in the medieval period and was already covered in woodland at that time. The placename 'Dun' means fort.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-431336

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth - fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, while access to the interior is usually provided by two entrances comprising either simple gaps in the earthwork or an inturned rampart. Postholes revealed by excavation indicate the occasional presence of portal gateways while more elaborate features like overlapping ramparts and outworks are limited to only a few examples. Internal features included timber or stone round houses; large storage pits and hearths; scattered postholes, stakeholes and gullies; and square or rectangular buildings supported by four to six posts, often represented by postholes, and interpreted as raised granaries. Slight univallate hillforts are rare with around 150 examples recorded nationally. Although on a national scale the number is low, in Devon they comprise one of the major classes of hillfort. As a rare type of hillfort they are also important for understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities. Despite having been covered in woodland, the slight univallate hillfort in Dunmere Wood 235m west of Crabb's Pool survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, function, longevity, territorial and strategic significance, social organisation, trade, agricultural practices, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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