Ancient Monuments

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Three bowl barrows 130m east of Starapark Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Camelford, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.647 / 50°38'49"N

Longitude: -4.6445 / 4°38'40"W

OS Eastings: 213133.185338

OS Northings: 86367.245057

OS Grid: SX131863

Mapcode National: GBR N6.8LS4

Mapcode Global: FRA 175C.DD5

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows 130m east of Starapark Farm

Scheduled Date: 26 July 1957

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004409

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 481

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Camelford

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Forrabury

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes three bowl barrows, situated on a wide ridge forming the watershed between several tributaries of the River Camel. The barrows survive as circular mounds surrounded by buried quarry ditches, from which their construction material was derived. The northern mound stands up to 26m in diameter and 0.5m high. The central mound measures approximately 16m in diameter and 0.4m high, and is overlain by a field bank on its northern periphery. This bank is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath is included. The western mound is up to 32m in diameter and 0.6m high with a faint trace of the exterior ditch visible to the north.

Further archaeological remains survive in the vicinity of the monument and are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-434160

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite reduction in the heights of the mounds through cultivation, the three bowl barrows 130m east of Starapark Farm survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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