Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Standing stone 230m south of Primrose Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Madron, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.1506 / 50°9'2"N

Longitude: -5.5849 / 5°35'5"W

OS Eastings: 144001.220572

OS Northings: 33993.987245

OS Grid: SW440339

Mapcode National: GBR DXL8.W25

Mapcode Global: VH059.4GVW

Entry Name: Standing stone 230m south of Primrose Cottage

Scheduled Date: 13 June 1968

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004348

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 651

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Madron

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Gulval

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a standing stone, situated on a steep hillside, overlooking the valley of an unnamed river leading to Penzance with views to the coast. The standing stone survives as an earthfast upright monolith set into a field boundary. It is a thin pillar-like slab standing up to 3m high and measuring 0.7m wide by 0.4m thick at the base and tapering upwards. A partial excavation in 1958 found it was set in an oval pit and held in place with wedging stones. No artefactual finds were recovered. It is known locally and in the excavation report as the 'Carfury Standing Stone'.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-424392

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones, which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Despite partial excavation, the standing stone 230m south of Primrose Cottage survives well and will retain further archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its erection, territorial and ritual significance, longevity and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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