Ancient Monuments

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Round 340m south east of Trevean

A Scheduled Monument in Morvah, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.1611 / 50°9'39"N

Longitude: -5.6233 / 5°37'23"W

OS Eastings: 141316.514896

OS Northings: 35292.161404

OS Grid: SW413352

Mapcode National: GBR DXH8.30F

Mapcode Global: VH058.H61V

Entry Name: Round 340m south east of Trevean

Scheduled Date: 1 February 1970

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004252

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 813

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Morvah

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Pendeen

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a round, situated on the lower south western slopes of White Downs, overlooking the coast at Whirl Pool. The round survives as a circular platform with a diameter of approximately 25m cut into the slope. It is enclosed by a bank or drystone wall. This measures from 0.4m to 0.7m wide and is partly incorporated into field boundaries, with the surrounding ditch preserved as a buried feature.

Although small for a round it was recognised as such in about 1960 and is thought to have originally contained small huts or a courtyard house.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-423684

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Although small, the round 340m south east of Trevean survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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