Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Three bowl barrows between 120m and 820m south of Brynn Barton Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Roche, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.4123 / 50°24'44"N

Longitude: -4.8414 / 4°50'29"W

OS Eastings: 198213.3018

OS Northings: 60792.8386

OS Grid: SW982607

Mapcode National: GBR ZT.J3L8

Mapcode Global: FRA 07RY.TYX

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows between 120m and 820m south of Brynn Barton Cottage

Scheduled Date: 5 March 1975

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004231

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 839

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Roche

Built-Up Area: Roche

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Roche

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes three bowl barrows, situated on a plateau known as Tregoss Moor. The barrows survive as circular or slightly oval mounds surrounded by buried quarry ditches, from which their construction material was derived. The southernmost mound is circular and measures 25m in diameter and 0.9m high with a small depression on the north side. The central circular mound measures up to 22m in diameter and 3.2m high and has a slightly irregular profile. It is known locally as 'Holywell Barrow'. The northern barrow is oval and stands up to 20m long by 16m wide and 0.9m high.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-430603, 430578 and 430608

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite early partial excavation or robbing, the three bowl barrows between 120m and 820m south of Brynn Barton Cottage survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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