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Madehurst Wood earthworks

A Scheduled Monument in Madehurst, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8672 / 50°52'2"N

Longitude: -0.6104 / 0°36'37"W

OS Eastings: 497884.910088

OS Northings: 108445.775942

OS Grid: SU978084

Mapcode National: GBR FHY.GJ8

Mapcode Global: FRA 96MT.01T

Entry Name: Madehurst Wood earthworks

Scheduled Date: 24 February 1933

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1003736

English Heritage Legacy ID: WS 44

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Madehurst

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Madehurst St Mary Magdalene

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Summary

Earthworks in Madehurst Wood, 790m ESE of Chichester Lodge

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 17/10/14. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

DESCRIPTION
The monument includes a series of earthworks situated in woodland on the slopes of a ridge, east of Slindon.

The most prominent feature is a linear earthwork denoted by a bank and ditch, which commences in West Stubbs Copse and runs over 1km north, passing between Rewell Wood and Madehurst Wood. At the brow of Rewell Hill it turns abruptly westwards and continues for 430m before ending just above the lower end of Fairmile Bottom. On historic OS maps two lynchets are shown running south from this section, following the contours. To the south-east are two sunken roadways or holloways between banks, which lead north-east to three rectangular enclosures denoted by banks and ditches. To the west is an old chalk pit.

The earthworks are thought to be contemporary with each another, although only the prominent linear earthwork is shown on historic OS maps. It may originally have formed part of another earthwork south of Arundel Road. Romano-British and early medieval pottery sherds have been found in association with the monument. It has been suggested that the enclosures were medieval stock enclosures since the area formed sheep runs prior to emparkment in 1786.

Further archaeological remains survive in the vicinity of this monument, such as an enclosure, but are not included because they have not been formally assessed.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The earthworks in Madehurst Wood, 790m ESE of Chichester Lodge survive well. They have been relatively undisturbed and are located in an area with little modern development. As such they hold a high degree of potential for further archaeological investigation. They will contain important archaeological and environmental information relating to their construction and function, as well as the landscape in which they were built. It is clear that the earthworks are very unusual in form and for this reason must be considered of archaeological interest in a national context . The surrounding area has many archaeological features, which thereby enhance their group value.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
West Sussex HER 1305 - MWS3271. NMR SU90NE24. PastScape 248955.

Source: Historic England

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