Ancient Monuments

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Enclosures in park of Sherbourne House, 200yds (180m) north east of church

A Scheduled Monument in Sherbourne, Warwickshire

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Latitude: 52.25 / 52°15'0"N

Longitude: -1.6137 / 1°36'49"W

OS Eastings: 426470.855465

OS Northings: 261388.561771

OS Grid: SP264613

Mapcode National: GBR 5MH.T0R

Mapcode Global: VHBXN.ZP8Z

Entry Name: Enclosures in park of Sherbourne House, 200yds (180m) NE of church

Scheduled Date: 11 January 1971

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002989

English Heritage Legacy ID: WA 142

County: Warwickshire

Civil Parish: Sherbourne

Traditional County: Warwickshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Warwickshire

Church of England Parish: Sherbourne All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Coventry


Two enclosed Romano-British farmsteads 450m south-east of Sherbourne Manor.

Source: Historic England


This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 2 June 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records. As such they do not yet have the full descriptions of their modernised counterparts available. Please contact us if you would like further information.

This monument includes two enclosed Romano-British farmsteads and medieval features including a drove road and strip fields situated on the floodplain of the River Avon. The prehistoric farmsteads and medieval features all survive as entirely buried structures layers and deposits visible as crop and soil marks on aerial photographs with no surface remains. There are a series of complex crop marks which include a medieval drove road with associated rectangular strip fields running from it which have been superimposed over a D-shaped and double ditched roughly rectangular enclosure. There are also indications on some photographs of hut structures within the latter enclosure.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Later Iron Age and Romano-British occupation included a range of settlement types. The surviving remains comprise farmsteads, hamlets, villages and hillforts, which together demonstrate an important sequence of settlement. The non-defensive enclosed farm or homestead represents the smallest and simplest of these types. Most early examples are characterised by a curvilinear enclosure with circular domestic buildings and associated agricultural structures. Where excavated, these sites are also found to contain pits or rectangular post- built structures for the storage of grain and other produce, evidence of an organised and efficient farming system. The surrounding enclosures would have provided protection against cattle rustling and tribal raiding. The simple farmsteads are sometimes superseded by rectilinear or triangular shaped enclosures with rectilinear buildings and many examples were occupied over an extended period and some grew in size and complexity. In central and southern England, most enclosed Iron Age farmsteads are situated in areas which are now under intensive arable cultivation. As a result, although some examples survive with upstanding earthworks, the majority have been recorded as crop- and soil-marks appearing on aerial photographs. Despite cultivation the two enclosed Romano-British farmsteads 450m south-east of Sherbourne Manor survive comparatively well and will retain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, development, longevity, function, chronological relationship between features, agricultural practices, domestic arrangements and overall landscape

Source: Historic England


PastScape 333589
Warwickshire HER 967

Source: Historic England

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