Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows immediately south of Bayard Dairy

A Scheduled Monument in Upwey and Broadwey, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6669 / 50°40'0"N

Longitude: -2.4762 / 2°28'34"W

OS Eastings: 366438.154958

OS Northings: 85356.738873

OS Grid: SY664853

Mapcode National: GBR PX.PPCJ

Mapcode Global: FRA 57P9.YZ1

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows immediately south of Bayard Dairy

Scheduled Date: 9 August 1957

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002754

English Heritage Legacy ID: DO 224

County: Dorset

Electoral Ward/Division: Upwey and Broadwey

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Upwey St Laurence

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas of protection, includes two bowl barrows situated on the prominent and steeply sloping Bayard Hill, overlooking the valley of the River Wey. The barrows survive as circular mounds surrounded by buried quarry ditches, from which the construction material was derived. The eastern barrow mound measures up to 13.5m in diameter and 2.4m high. It has an irregular profile with several hollows and has been partially cut by a track. The western mound is up to 18m in diameter and 3.2m high.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-452039

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite some erosion, the two bowl barrows immediately south of Bayard Dairy survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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