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Disc barrow 715m west of Bayard Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Bincombe, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6786 / 50°40'42"N

Longitude: -2.4782 / 2°28'41"W

OS Eastings: 366304.747345

OS Northings: 86657.713051

OS Grid: SY663866

Mapcode National: GBR PX.NW8H

Mapcode Global: FRA 57P8.Y23

Entry Name: Disc barrow 715m west of Bayard Farm

Scheduled Date: 15 October 1924

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002700

English Heritage Legacy ID: DO 53

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Bincombe

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Winterbournes

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a disc barrow situated on the summit of a prominent ridge, overlooking the dry valley of Gould's Bottom. The disc barrow survives as a circular central mound measuring 22m in diameter and 2.4m high on a 52m overall diameter circular platform. It is surrounded by a partially buried outer ditch which is 6m wide and up to 0.3m deep. The barrow is crossed by a fence and the remains of a wall. These are excluded from the monument although the ground beneath them is included. The barrow lies on a parish boundary.
Further archaeological remains in the vicinity are scheduled separately.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-451899

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Disc barrows, the most fragile type of round barrow, are funerary monuments of the Early Bronze Age, with most examples dating to the period 1400-1200 BC. They occur either in isolation or in barrow cemeteries (closely-spaced groups of round barrows). Disc barrows were constructed as a circular or oval area of level ground defined by a bank and internal ditch and containing one or more centrally or eccentrically located small, low mounds covering burials, usually in pits. The burials, normally cremations, are frequently accompanied by pottery vessels, tools and personal ornaments. It has been suggested that disc barrows were normally used for the burial of women, although this remains unproven. However, it is likely that the individuals buried were of high status. Disc barrows are rare nationally, with about 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides important evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst prehistoric communities over a wide area of southern England as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. They are a particularly rare and fragile form of round barrow. Despite slight truncation to the east, the disc barrow 715m west of Bayard Farm survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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