Ancient Monuments

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Hut circle 400yds (370m) south east of Swincombe

A Scheduled Monument in Dartmoor Forest, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.536 / 50°32'9"N

Longitude: -3.9132 / 3°54'47"W

OS Eastings: 264510.239001

OS Northings: 72444.82293

OS Grid: SX645724

Mapcode National: GBR Q7.NNJT

Mapcode Global: FRA 27PN.39D

Entry Name: Hut circle 400yds (370m) SE of Swincombe

Scheduled Date: 14 January 1970

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002589

English Heritage Legacy ID: DV 725

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Dartmoor Forest

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Holne St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Summary

A stone hut circle 910m south of Sherberton.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 10 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a stone hut circle situated on a north west facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Swincombe. The stone hut circle survives as a ring of walling surrounding a circular interior which measures up to 8m in diameter, the walls measure up to 2.7m wide and 0.4m high. In places they are double faced with stone, whilst elsewhere they are rubble built. There is an entrance to the north east.

Further archaeological remains survive within the vicinity of the monument, some are scheduled, but others are not currently protected and these are not included within the scheduling because they have not been formally assessed.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period.

Despite being located close to a leat and in an area which has been disturbed by industrial activity in the form of tin working and some peat cutting, the stone hut circle 910m south of Sherberton survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, use, agricultural practices and domestic arrangements as well as its overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:-443361

Source: Historic England

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