Ancient Monuments

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Hillfort, Cunnilear or Coneybeare Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Loxhore, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1139 / 51°6'50"N

Longitude: -3.9828 / 3°58'58"W

OS Eastings: 261307.076927

OS Northings: 136828.385929

OS Grid: SS613368

Mapcode National: GBR KV.B0VX

Mapcode Global: VH4MS.X8BD

Entry Name: Hillfort, Cunnilear or Coneybeare Wood

Scheduled Date:

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002511

English Heritage Legacy ID: DV 413

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Loxhore

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Loxhore St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Summary

Slight univallate hillfort 345m north east of Loxhore Cross.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 3 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a slight univallate hillfort situated on a ridge at the junction of the River Yeo and the Button Water. The hillfort survives as an irregular shaped enclosure measuring up to 133m long by 57m wide internally defined by a rampart and ditch. On the east is an inturned entrance.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth - fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, while access to the interior is usually provided by entrances comprising either simple gaps in the earthwork or an inturned rampart. Slight univallate hillforts are rare nationally, although in Devon they comprise one of the major classes of hillfort. Slight univallate hillforts are important for understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities.

Despite reduction in the height of its rampart through cultivation and stone quarrying the hillfort north east of Loxhore Cross survives comparatively well and it will contain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, use and landscape context.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 34571

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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