Ancient Monuments

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Camp south of Birch Ham Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Stoke Rivers, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1043 / 51°6'15"N

Longitude: -3.9303 / 3°55'48"W

OS Eastings: 264955.068934

OS Northings: 135664.210194

OS Grid: SS649356

Mapcode National: GBR KX.BN53

Mapcode Global: VH4MT.THLS

Entry Name: Camp S of Birch Ham Wood

Scheduled Date: 15 November 1961

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1002533

English Heritage Legacy ID: DV 458

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Stoke Rivers

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Stoke Rivers St Bartholomew

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Summary

Slight univallate hillfort 650m north east of Orswell and south of Birch Ham Wood.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 4 November 2015. The record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a slight univallate hillfort on the summit of a prominent ridge forming the watershed between two tributaries of the River Yeo. The hillfort survives as an oval enclosure measuring up to 114m long by 80m wide internally, defined by a single rampart and ditch. It has an inturned entrance on the east. Partial excavations during maintenance work to water mains revealed the presence of a berm between the rampart and ditch and showed the partially buried ditch to be clearly defined. The hillfort has also been known as Stoke or Beara Castle. Two other nearby enclosures which occupy the same ridge are the subject of separate schedulings.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Slight univallate hillforts are defined as enclosures of various shapes, generally between 1ha and 10ha in size, situated on or close to hilltops and defined by a single line of earthworks, the scale of which is relatively small. They date to between the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age (eighth – fifth centuries BC), the majority being used for 150 to 200 years prior to their abandonment or reconstruction. Slight univallate hillforts have generally been interpreted as stock enclosures, redistribution centres, places of refuge and permanent settlements. The earthworks generally include a rampart, narrow level berm, external ditch and counterscarp bank, while access to the interior is usually provided entrances comprising either simple gaps in the earthwork or an inturned rampart. Slight univallate hillforts are rare nationally, although in Devon they comprise one of the major classes of hillfort. Slight univallate hillforts are important for understanding the transition between Bronze Age and Iron Age communities.

Despite being cut by a road the slight univallate hillfort 650m north east of Orswell survives well and will contain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, use and landscape context. Furthermore, this hillfort forms part of a discrete cluster of similar monuments and together they will provide a valuable insight into life in the Iron Age in this part of Devon.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 34566

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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