Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Y Foel Cairns

A Scheduled Monument in Bro Machno, Conwy

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Latitude: 53.0389 / 53°2'19"N

Longitude: -3.789 / 3°47'20"W

OS Eastings: 280147

OS Northings: 350562

OS Grid: SH801505

Mapcode National: GBR 64.DJ38

Mapcode Global: WH669.RWX6

Entry Name: Y Foel Cairns

Scheduled Date: 12 January 2004

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 4095

Cadw Legacy ID: CN378

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Round cairn

Period: Prehistoric

County: Conwy

Community: Bro Machno

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire


The monument comprises two burial cairns, probably dating to the Bronze Age (c.2300 BC - 800 BC) and situated within improved pasture on the rounded summit of Y Foel. The grass-covered burial cairns are circular on plan. The burial cairn to the S (Y Foel cairn A) measures 11m in diameter and up to 0.5m in height. The cairn has been disturbed in the past, presumably by antiquarian investigation; a large stone cist is visible in its centre. The cairn to the N (Y Foel cairn B) measures 9m in diameter and up to 0.5m in height. The cairn has been disturbed in the past; a stone cist is visible in its centre.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric burial and ritual. The monument is an important relic of a prehistoric funerary and ritual landscape and retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of both intact burial or ritual deposits and environmental and structural evidence, including buried prehistoric land surfaces. The importance of the monument is further enhanced by the visible structural detail - and by the group value formed by the proximity of the two cairns to each other.

The scheduled areas comprise the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. Area A, centred on Item A (Y Foel cairn A, SH 8011 5049), is circular and measures 22m in diameter. Area B, centred on Item B (Y Foel cairn B, SH 8017 5060), is circular and measures 28m in diameter.

Source: Cadw

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