Ancient Monuments

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Tretower Shrunken Medieval Settlement

A Scheduled Monument in Llanfihangel Cwmdu with Bwlch and Cathedine (Llanfihangel Cwm Du gyda Bwlch a Chathedin), Powys

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Latitude: 51.8848 / 51°53'5"N

Longitude: -3.1843 / 3°11'3"W

OS Eastings: 318581

OS Northings: 221354

OS Grid: SO185213

Mapcode National: GBR YY.RJR9

Mapcode Global: VH6C8.RWFH

Entry Name: Tretower Shrunken Medieval Settlement

Scheduled Date: 28 November 1997

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3661

Cadw Legacy ID: BR238

Schedule Class: Domestic

Category: Shrunken Medieval Village

Period: Medieval

County: Powys

Community: Llanfihangel Cwmdu with Bwlch and Cathedine (Llanfihangel Cwm Du gyda Bwlch a Chathedin)

Traditional County: Brecknockshire


The monument consists of a shrunken village dating to the medieval period. This is a settlement where previous house sites are now unoccupied, but visible as earthworks, crop or soil marks. An estate map of 1587 shows the settlement included a number of houses, a large courtyard house, roads, boundaries and tracks. The settlement is located in a field north of Tretower Castle, and west of St John's Church. Maps dating to the 16th and 17th century also show a cluster of buildings around a roadway, with boundaries and tracks running between seven houses. Archaeological evaluation of a small section of the area proved two main phases of activity in the south eastern corners of the site. The medieval domestic or smithying activity, structural and industrial features were of 13th to 14th century date. The 18th or 19th century evidence included a building with a paved and pitched stone floor, with slag and industrial features.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval settlement organisation. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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