Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Pit Circle 250m north east of Cottesmore Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Rudbaxton, Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

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Latitude: 51.8304 / 51°49'49"N

Longitude: -4.9768 / 4°58'36"W

OS Eastings: 194984

OS Northings: 218829

OS Grid: SM949188

Mapcode National: GBR CK.VXXY

Mapcode Global: VH1RD.P8B5

Entry Name: Pit Circle 250m NE of Cottesmore Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 August 1994

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 682

Cadw Legacy ID: PE462

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Pit circle

Period: Prehistoric

County: Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

Community: Rudbaxton

Built-Up Area: Haverfordwest

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire


The monument consists of the remains of a pit circle, dating to the Late Neolithic or Early Bronze Age. The site forms an enclosure, related to henges, defined by a circular arrangement of pits, probably none of which originally held posts. More than one circle, concentrically arranged, may be present. The circle is arund 20m in diameter and stands on a very low ridge of ragstone running E - W across the field. A total of 30 pits form the outside circle and there are two larger and more diffuse circular cropmarks in the SE quadrant.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric ritual practices. The monument retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of ritual deposits and environmental and structural evidence. The monument forms an important element in the wider prehistoric funerary and ritual landscape. Pit circles may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is an area of approx 50m square with the pit circle at its centre.

Source: Cadw

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