Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Pen y Gurnos Round Barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Llanddewi Brefi (Llanddewibrefi), Ceredigion

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Latitude: 52.1465 / 52°8'47"N

Longitude: -3.7876 / 3°47'15"W

OS Eastings: 277780

OS Northings: 251311

OS Grid: SN777513

Mapcode National: GBR Y4.6Z0S

Mapcode Global: VH5DB.99JT

Entry Name: Pen y Gurnos Round Barrow

Scheduled Date: 18 August 2008

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1230

Cadw Legacy ID: CD253

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Round barrow

Period: Prehistoric

County: Ceredigion

Community: Llanddewi Brefi (Llanddewibrefi)

Traditional County: Cardiganshire


The monument comprises the remains of a round barrow, which probably dates to the Bronze Age (c. 2300 - 800 BC). It is located on top of a prominent NE-SW aligned ridge on Pen y Gurnos mountain overlooking the valley of the Afon Doethie to the W. The earthen barrow is circular in shape on plan and measures c. 20m in diameter and a maximum of 1.5m in height. Part of the original kerbing is visible on the SE side of the barrow. An Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar surmounts the mound.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric burial and ritual practices. The feature is an important relic of a prehistoric funerary and ritual landscape and retains significant archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of both intact ritual and burial deposits, together with environmental and structural evidence. The importance of the monument is further enhanced by the group value it shares with neighbouring barrows to the N and SW.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and an area around within which related evidence may be expected to survive. The scheduled area is circular in shape on plan and measures 30m in diameter.

Source: Cadw

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