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Newcastle Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Llangattock-Vibon-Avel (Llangatwg Feibion Afel), Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8513 / 51°51'4"N

Longitude: -2.8038 / 2°48'13"W

OS Eastings: 344728

OS Northings: 217270

OS Grid: SO447172

Mapcode National: GBR FG.TH47

Mapcode Global: VH794.CQ2P

Entry Name: Newcastle Castle

Scheduled Date: 7 February 1947

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 366

Cadw Legacy ID: MM085

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Motte & Bailey

Period: Medieval

County: Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

Community: Llangattock-Vibon-Avel (Llangatwg Feibion Afel)

Traditional County: Monmouthshire

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a motte and bailey castle, a military stronghold built during the medieval period. The site consists of a steep-sided circular mound, 5m high, with a flat top 12m in diameter. In the middle of the summit is a large rectangular concrete water tank. At the foot of the motte on the N and W sides is a 4m wide ditch, this peters out on the SW side, and there is no ditch on the E side. Outside the ditch is a curved flat area, the Bailey, which is 18m wide at it's widest point. The bailey area narrows to the S and stops on the S side of the motte. To the N it is truncated by a road. The outer edge of the bailey is defined by a steep bank, 3m-4m high, beyond which is a ditch, 2m wide and 1m deep.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval defensive organisation. The well-preserved monument forms an important element within the wider medieval context and the structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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