Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Mynydd Rhiw Stone Axe Factory

A Scheduled Monument in Botwnnog, Gwynedd

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Latitude: 52.8378 / 52°50'16"N

Longitude: -4.6234 / 4°37'24"W

OS Eastings: 223393

OS Northings: 329923

OS Grid: SH233299

Mapcode National: GBR 51.TCCD

Mapcode Global: WH33G.YXKV

Entry Name: Mynydd Rhiw Stone Axe Factory

Scheduled Date: 5 December 1985

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 554

Cadw Legacy ID: CN207

Schedule Class: Industrial

Category: Axe factory

Period: Prehistoric

County: Gwynedd

Community: Botwnnog

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire


Three quarry scoops of Neolithic date, associated with stone axe production. Each is approx. 5 m in diameter, terraced into the hill slope with a pronounced bank on the W side and slighter on E. Now in heather moorland with shale exposed in places. It is one of very few surviving sites in Britain with evidence of stone axe production, and is linked with the Neolithic axe trade.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of Neolithic stone axe production and trade. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits.

Source: Cadw

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