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Latitude: 51.4699 / 51°28'11"N
Longitude: -3.4942 / 3°29'39"W
OS Eastings: 296311
OS Northings: 175607
OS Grid: SS963756
Mapcode National: GBR HH.LRSD
Mapcode Global: VH5HS.DB30
Entry Name: Mynydd Bychan
Source ID: 3499
Cadw Legacy ID: GM076
Schedule Class: Civil
County: Vale of Glamorgan (Bro Morgannwg)
Community: Penllyn (Pen-llin)
Traditional County: Glamorgan
The monument comprises the remains of a series of late prehistoric and later medieval houses contained within a defensive earthwork. The site was excavated in 1949-50 by Dr. H.N. Savory. Excavations showed three phases of development:
1. c. 50 B.C. - A.D. 50. A small fortified settlement, with defences of bank, ditch and small counterscarp bank. On the north side there was a second ditch. Inside there were 3-5 round timber-framed huts. The entrance was at the west apex, with four posts and a large bastion on the south side.
2. c. A.D. 50 - 120. An undefended settlement with at least three round huts with dry stone wall footings. Each stood in a low-walled enclosure.
3. 11th - 13th century. A roughly recangular building, c. 11 x 3.5m, was built in the northeast corner of the enclosure. Twice rebuilt and enlarged before abandonment in the 13th century.
The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of settlement organisation. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structures themselves may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques. They may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.
The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.
Other nearby scheduled monuments