Ancient Monuments

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Lower or Abbey Wireworks, Tintern

A Scheduled Monument in Tintern (Tyndyrn), Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

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Latitude: 51.6977 / 51°41'51"N

Longitude: -2.6864 / 2°41'11"W

OS Eastings: 352655

OS Northings: 200102

OS Grid: SO526001

Mapcode National: GBR JL.4BYY

Mapcode Global: VH87F.DL4F

Entry Name: Lower or Abbey Wireworks, Tintern

Scheduled Date: 23 December 1998

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3779

Cadw Legacy ID: MM266

Schedule Class: Industrial

Category: Iron forge

Period: Post Medieval/Modern

County: Monmouthshire (Sir Fynwy)

Community: Tintern (Tyndyrn)

Traditional County: Monmouthshire


The monument consists of the remains of an iron forge, a building or site where bloom iron or cast iron is forged into wrought iron. This was the first water-powered wire drawing works in Britain and was established in 1566. It was known as the Abbey or Lower Wireworks and may have been part of the original operations at Tintern. From 1568 to 1631 it was taken over by the Society of Mineral and Battery Works, who constructed a series of water power sites up the Angiddy Valley. Wire making continued at the location until about 1900, alongside tinplate manufacture which had started at the site in the 1880s. The Lower Wireworks consisted of at least seven buildings, including water powered scouring, rolling and wire drawing mills, which were documented in 1763 as being fed by three separate leats. The rear wall of the site demonstrates multiple phases of construction and is the main upstanding feature. The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of 18th or 19th century iron working and other industrial practices. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques. An iron forge may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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