Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Gardden Camp

A Scheduled Monument in Ruabon (Rhiwabon), Wrexham (Wrecsam)

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Latitude: 52.9959 / 52°59'45"N

Longitude: -3.0489 / 3°2'55"W

OS Eastings: 329698

OS Northings: 344802

OS Grid: SJ296448

Mapcode National: GBR 73.H9WZ

Mapcode Global: WH894.4YFN

Entry Name: Gardden Camp

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2948

Cadw Legacy ID: DE129

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Hillfort

Period: Prehistoric

County: Wrexham (Wrecsam)

Community: Ruabon (Rhiwabon)

Traditional County: Denbighshire


The monument comprises the remains of a hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). Hillforts are usually Iocated on hilltops and surrounded by a single or multiple earthworks of massive proportions. Hillforts must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence. Pen y Gardden is surrounded on the southern and eastern sides by multiple lines of ramparts and ditches, but on the northern and western sides only the innermost rampart survives intact. The interior of the hillfort is complete.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It extends around the perimeter of the hillfort continuing from its present conclusion on the western side to follow the outside edge of the inner rampart (eastern side of the modern metalled trackway) to the boundary of the grounds of Chapel House. Here it diverts southwards along the boundary to rejoin with the present scheduled area.

Source: Cadw

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