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Latitude: 52.7093 / 52°42'33"N
Longitude: -3.1501 / 3°9'0"W
OS Eastings: 322393
OS Northings: 313025
OS Grid: SJ223130
Mapcode National: GBR B0.274C
Mapcode Global: WH79H.L549
Entry Name: Gaer Fawr
Source ID: 497
Cadw Legacy ID: MG006
Schedule Class: Defence
Community: Guilsfield (Cegidfa)
Traditional County: Montgomeryshire
The monument comprises the remains of a hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). Hillforts are usually located on hilltops and surrounded by a single or multiple earthworks of massive proportions. Hillforts must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence.
Gaer Fawr is a multivallate fort on a hilltop situation. It is roughly oval in shape, measuring 426m NE-SW and 180m NW-SE, enclosing an area of c.6 hectares. There are two main entrances to the interior, in the NE and SW. A third, less complex, entrance lies on the west side, giving access to the lower interior.
The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.
The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.
Other nearby scheduled monuments