Ancient Monuments

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Gaer Coed Parc Hillfort and Enclosure

A Scheduled Monument in Llangybi, Ceredigion

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Latitude: 52.1435 / 52°8'36"N

Longitude: -4.0639 / 4°3'49"W

OS Eastings: 258867

OS Northings: 251477

OS Grid: SN588514

Mapcode National: GBR DS.72M7

Mapcode Global: VH4GQ.HDY4

Entry Name: Gaer Coed Parc Hillfort and Enclosure

Scheduled Date: 10 July 1998

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 875

Cadw Legacy ID: CD166

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Hillfort

Period: Prehistoric

County: Ceredigion

Community: Llangybi

Traditional County: Cardiganshire


The monument comprises two elements, both probably dating to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales).

The first is a small, particularly well preserved bivallate defended enclosure or hillfort, visible as an extant earthwork, with suggestions of surviving buried internal features including hut platforms. Hillforts are usually Iocated on hilltops and surrounded by a single or multiple earthworks of massive proportions. They must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence.

The second is a large double ditched enclosure, with a possible “banjo” entrance.

It is likely that the two sites were in contemporary use or occupation for at least part of their lifetime.

The significance of the enclosures is greatly enhanced by their close proximity. Since it is likely that they were contemporary they present the possibility of providing insights into the way two disimilar but comtemporary sites could have functioned and interacted. The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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