Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Five Pillar-Crosses in Churchyard

A Scheduled Monument in Cwm Gwaun, Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

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Latitude: 51.9723 / 51°58'20"N

Longitude: -4.8955 / 4°53'43"W

OS Eastings: 201211

OS Northings: 234382

OS Grid: SN012343

Mapcode National: GBR CP.KSFP

Mapcode Global: VH1QP.3P9F

Entry Name: Five Pillar-Crosses in Churchyard

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2684

Cadw Legacy ID: PE227

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Cross-marked stone

Period: Early Medieval

County: Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

Community: Cwm Gwaun

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire


The monument consists of fourstones with a cross carved into the surface, probably dating to the medieval period. The original 4 pillar crosses have been resited on the lawn, to the west of St David's Church, Llanychlwydog, following their excavation in advance of the conversion of the church to a private dwelling. A fifth stone, with a faintly inscribed cross, was found during the excavation and has now been scheduled.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of the organisation and practice of medieval Christianity. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. A cross marked stone may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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