Ancient Monuments

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Fforest Gwladys Roman practice camp

A Scheduled Monument in Bargoed (Bargod), Caerphilly (Caerffili)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6838 / 51°41'1"N

Longitude: -3.258 / 3°15'28"W

OS Eastings: 313128

OS Northings: 199084

OS Grid: ST131990

Mapcode National: GBR HT.5579

Mapcode Global: VH6D6.HY03

Entry Name: Fforest Gwladys Roman practice camp

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2893

Cadw Legacy ID: GM273

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Practice camp

Period: Roman

County: Caerphilly (Caerffili)

Community: Bargoed (Bargod)

Built-Up Area: Bargod

Traditional County: Glamorgan

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a small Roman practice camp, probably dating from the Flavian-Trajanic garrison of Wales, AD 74 - 117. The small fortlet was probably built as troop practice in construction techniques. The monument comprises the surviving upstanding earthworks, a square enclosure measuring roughly 18m in length within a bank spread to about 4m in thickness and up to 0.7m in height. There are slight traces of the external ditch; and there is an entrance in the S side, protected by a clavicula.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of Roman military organisation. The monument forms an important element within the wider context of the Roman occupation of Wales and the structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information in regard to chronology, building techniques and functional detail. The importance of the site is further enhanced by its chronological and geographical association with several other Roman sites in the vicinity (GM016 and GM164).

The area to be scheduled comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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