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Latitude: 51.8374 / 51°50'14"N
Longitude: -3.7848 / 3°47'5"W
OS Eastings: 277127
OS Northings: 216932
OS Grid: SN771169
Mapcode National: GBR Y4.VKTF
Mapcode Global: VH5FW.B2ZR
Entry Name: Cwm Twrch settlement and limekiln
Scheduled Date: 28 October 2004
Source ID: 4169
Cadw Legacy ID: CM355
Schedule Class: Agriculture and Subsistence
Category: Building (Unclassified)
Period: Post Medieval/Modern
County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)
Community: Quarter Bach (Cwarter Bach)
Traditional County: Carmarthenshire
The monument comprises the remains of a small settlement, probably dating to the late-medieval or post-medieval periods and situated within open moorland on a terrace on the steep sheltered ESE-facing slopes above Cwm Twrch. The settlement comprises a main building, an associated enclosure, a well-preserved limekiln and a smaller building. The settlement presumably represents the remains of a seasonal hafotai with associated features, later utilised as part of the local lime burning industry.
The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval and post medieval land use, settlement and economy. It is a relatively well preserved example of an upland settlement and retains great archaeological potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval and post medieval stock rearing practices in the upland zone, whether as permanent settlement, regular transhumance, or intermittent opportunistic expansion. The later elements of the local lime burning industry add further importance.
The area scheduled comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is rectangular and measures 50m from NE to SW by 25m transversely.
Other nearby scheduled monuments