Ancient Monuments

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Crugiau Fach Round Barrows

A Scheduled Monument in Cynwyl Elfed, Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

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Latitude: 51.9695 / 51°58'10"N

Longitude: -4.323 / 4°19'22"W

OS Eastings: 240519

OS Northings: 232663

OS Grid: SN405326

Mapcode National: GBR DF.L4CG

Mapcode Global: VH3KX.0RYK

Entry Name: Crugiau Fach Round Barrows

Scheduled Date: 5 July 1951

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2782

Cadw Legacy ID: CM116

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Round barrow

Period: Prehistoric

County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

Community: Cynwyl Elfed

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire


The monument comprises the remains of two round barrows, which probably date to the Bronze Age (c. 2300 - 800 BC). They are located within an enclosed field of rough pasture on a hill summit and overlook the Afon Duad and Nant Aeron valleys to the W and E respectively. Barrow 'A' is the best preserved and measures 1.3m in height and 23m in diameter. It is oval in shape on plan. Small blocks of white quartz protrude through the turf covering. Barrow 'B' is located 100m upslope to the SW. It is round in shape on plan and measures 24m in diameter. The turf-covered mound has been disturbed and measures 1.5m in height.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric burial and ritual practices. It is an important relic of a prehistoric funerary and ritual landscape and retains significant archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of both intact ritual and burial deposits, together with environmental and structural evidence, including buried prehistoric land surfaces. The importance of the monument is further enhanced by the group value it shares with adjacent barrows.

The areas scheduled comprise the remains described and areas around within which related evidence may be expected to survive. Both scheduled areas are circular and measure 33m in diameter.

Source: Cadw

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