Ancient Monuments

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Croes Carn Einion Roman Site

A Scheduled Monument in Graig, Newport (Casnewydd)

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Latitude: 51.5709 / 51°34'15"N

Longitude: -3.073 / 3°4'22"W

OS Eastings: 325732

OS Northings: 186325

OS Grid: ST257863

Mapcode National: GBR J2.D9RC

Mapcode Global: VH7BB.PS94

Entry Name: Croes Carn Einion Roman Site

Scheduled Date: 2 February 2010

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 951

Cadw Legacy ID: MM349

Schedule Class: Domestic

Category: Villa

Period: Roman

County: Newport (Casnewydd)

Community: Graig

Traditional County: Monmouthshire


The monument comprises the remains of a villa complex, which probably dates to the Romano-British period (AD 43 - 410). It was first identified by aerial reconnaissance in 1996 and is indicated by negative cropmarks on aerial photographs. The cropmarks would appear to indicate two distinct stone-built buildings. The westernmost example is aligned NE-SW. This ranged building shows evidence of internal divisions, including a wing at the SW end and a trace of another at the opposite end. A corridor or porticus with a projecting porch fronts the building. To the SE is a rectangular building. It is aligned NNE-SSW and comprises of three rooms at its N end and a large room to the S. A series of possible column bases suggest that the southern room may be an aisled hall.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of domestic and economic sites and practices in the Roman period. The monument is an important relic of the rural landscape in the Roman period. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of archaeological deposits relating to chronological detail, together with artefactual and structural evidence.

The area scheduled comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is roughly square in shape on plan and measures 80m NW-SE by 80m transversely.

Source: Cadw

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