Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Craig Rhiwarth Ancient Village

A Scheduled Monument in Llangynog (LLangynog), Powys

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Latitude: 52.8323 / 52°49'56"N

Longitude: -3.4019 / 3°24'6"W

OS Eastings: 305651

OS Northings: 327006

OS Grid: SJ056270

Mapcode National: GBR 6N.TN3J

Mapcode Global: WH78S.Q27J

Entry Name: Craig Rhiwarth Ancient Village

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 729

Cadw Legacy ID: MG004

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Hillfort

Period: Prehistoric

County: Powys

Community: Llangynog (LLangynog)

Traditional County: Montgomeryshire


The monument comprises the remains of a hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). Hillforts are usually located on hilltops and surrounded by a single or multiple earthworks of massive proportions. Hillforts must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence. Craig Rhiwarth comprises a hill-top enclosure, roughly 850m east-west by 400-500m, defined by tumbled stone walls which are pierced by several, apparently original entrances, running between precipitous crags: within this walled area are about 170 circular structures from 4.0m to 12m in diameter, including three double, concentric circles: also present are several rectangular buildings, one of which is said to have been in use, as a hafod, into the 19th century.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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