Ancient Monuments

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Corn Drying Kiln Near Carn-Gadell Uchaf

A Scheduled Monument in Llangelynin (Llangelynnin), Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.655 / 52°39'18"N

Longitude: -4.0871 / 4°5'13"W

OS Eastings: 258918

OS Northings: 308409

OS Grid: SH589084

Mapcode National: GBR 8R.5Y1H

Mapcode Global: WH56Z.6J0G

Entry Name: Corn Drying Kiln Near Carn-Gadell Uchaf

Scheduled Date: 22 April 1991

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3235

Cadw Legacy ID: ME116

Schedule Class: Industrial

Category: Kiln

Period: Post Medieval/Modern

County: Gwynedd

Community: Llangelynin (Llangelynnin)

Traditional County: Merionethshire

Description

The monument consists of the remains of a kiln set into the slope of the hill, facing west. The kiln is roughly oval, measuring c. 0.9m front to back by c. 8.0 m. The interior consists of a stone-lined hollow in a 'funnel' or 'cone' shape, narrowing towards the base, c. 2.1 m in diameter and c. 1.9m deep. A passage or flue 0.82m high, 0.90m wide and c.2.6m long leads into the base of the cone from the centre of the downhill side. This flue is still covered with stone slabs or lintels, some of which are cracked, propbably as a result of heating. On the uphill side of the kiln is a ledge which would have supported the platform on which the grain was spread for drying. The main structure of the kiln appears to be of rough stone rubble, with crude facing where needed (along the flue, around the interior and along the back ledge). Although it has been infilled to some extent with stone, timber and corrugated sheet, all the features mentioned are easy to appreciate on the ground; the site as a whole is very well preserved in a field grazed by sheep.

Despite the prevalence of corn-dryers in the past, relatively few of them survive in Wales to the present day and this particular example is exceptionally well preserved and an excellent example of the class. The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of agricultural and manufacturing practices. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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